La relación entre apertura y crecimiento económico: nuevos debates de un viejo asunto

Alejandro Torres

Resumen


La discusión de la relación entre el grado de apertura comercial de un país y su nivel de crecimiento económico es tan antigua como el surgimiento de la economía como ciencia. Sin embargo, a pesar de los extensos debates que el tema ha suscitado, en la actualidad la evidencia empírica obtenida no aporta una conclusión única sobre el asunto. El objetivo de este trabajo es ofrecer una revisión, tanto teórica como empírica, de los principales trabajos a nivel internacional que han dado pie a este debate y sus principales consideraciones al respecto, entre las que se destaca la importancia adquirida por las variables geográficas e institucionales. Descriptores Apertura comercial, crecimiento económico, geografía económica, instituciones.

Palabras clave


Apertura comercial; crecimiento económico; geografía económica; instituciones

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Referencias


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